There are 10 major signs that would precede the day of Judgement as prophesized by Prophet Muhammad (SAW). These major signs would be an indicator to the proximity of the nearness of the establishment of the hour when all of creation would come and stand before their lord. The exact timing of the day of Judgement is only with Allah (SWT), but the signs would aid the believer to prepare and have an indication to it’s arrival.
The messenger of Allah (SAW) gave the 10 major signs to the day of judgement. The hadith can be found below:
“The Day of Judgment shall not occur until you see ten signs before it: the smoke, the Antichrist, the beast, the sun rising from the west, the descent of Jesus, son of Mary, the coming of Gog and Magog, and three earth quakes (that shall shake this earth) one of them in the west and in the east and the third in the Arabian Peninsula and the 10th of them, the final one of these signs is a fire that shall appear from Yemen and it shall gather people or force them to go to their place of resurrection (meaning to actual location of where the Day of Judgment shall occur.”
The arrival of the Mahdi.
The Mahdi is known as the “guided one” and will be the prophesied redeemer for revival of Islam. The prophet (SAW) stated that he will fill the world with justice as it is currently filled with injustice.
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) stated : “One of my descendants created by Allah (SWT) will come prior to the end of the world. His name will be same as mine and his father’s name will be same as my father’s name. The world will be full of oppression and tyranny before his visit, but in his time, will be fairness. The angel from the cloud above his head will say, “This is Mahdi. Listen to what he says”. He will be Caliph and give battles against different enemies.
A resource of the Mahdi can be found below:
The Dajjal (The Anti-Christ).
One of the major signs of the day of Judgement is the emergence of the Dajjal. He will seek to impersonate the true Messiah, Isa (SAW) who the Christians know as Jesus. The Dajjal will carry out great miracles and deceive the majority of mankind. He will eventually claim himself to be God, with the false miracles that he would use to deceive the people. The messenger of Allah (SAW) stated that Dajjal would be one eyed and would have the words “KFR” (disbeliever) written between his eyes ; every believer both literate and illiterate would be able to read this.
The arrival of Prophet Isa (SAW) (Jesus)
While the majority of the Christian word believe that Jesus was crucified, Islam takes on a different apporach. Muslims don’t believe that he killed, rather he was raised up to the heavens and will return towards the end of time and would be a sign of the coming of the hour.
The Qur’an states:
That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-
Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise;-
Sura Al-Nisaa 4:157-158
Isa (SAW) would be the one that would kill the Dajjal. He will then rule in the final golden age of the Islamic Caliphate.
Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog)
Yajuj and Majuj are the descendants of Adam and are human beings. They would be a major sign of the day of judgement and would spread much corruption in the Earth before the coming of the hour. Allah (SWT) talks about them in two places in the Qur’an, one appears below:
But there is a ban on any population which We have destroyed: that they shall not return, Until the Gog and Magog (people) are let through (their barrier), and they swiftly swarm from every hill. Then will the true promise draw nigh (of fulfillment): then behold! the eyes of the Unbelievers will fixedly stare in horror: “Ah! Woe to us! we were indeed heedless of this; nay, we truly did wrong!
Sura Al-Anbiyaa 21:95-97
The Prophet (SAW) also mentioned in a hadith on Yajuj and Majuj that can be found below:
The Prophet (SAW) said: “On the Day of Judgement Allah will say: ‘O Adam, rise and extract the people of the Fire from your offspring.’ Adam will say: ‘Who are the people of the Hellfire?’ Allah will say ‘Out of every thousand, (take out) nine hundred and ninety-nine (persons). At that time, children will become hoary-headed and every pregnant female will drop her load (i.e. miscarriage). And you will see the people as if they were drunk, yet they will not be drunk. But Allah’s punishment will be severe.” News of that distressed the companions severely, so they said: “O Messenger of Allah, who amongst us will be that (one) man (out of a thousand)?” He (SAW) said: “Give the good tidings, for indeed from among you will be one and from Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj will be a thousand.”
The rising of the Sun from the West
A major sign that will occur in the heavens will be that if the rising of the sun from the West. This will be one the major indications that the Earth would be experiencing major changes in anticipation of the day of Judgement. The blog does have several posts on this.
Abdullah-b-Abu-Owfa reported that I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say, “Verily a night will come upon the people which is equivalent of three of your nights. When it comes those that engage themselves in worship during the night will recognize it. One of them will stand in prayer, read his Hizb (The normal amount he has made the habit of reading) and then go to sleep. Thereafter he will wake up (for the second time) read his Hizb in prayer and go to sleep. While this is the situation the people will begin to shout, scream and call one another. They will say, “What’s this?” With fear they will run to the mosque. To their surprise they will see that the sun has risen from the west. When it reaches the middle of the sky it will return and set in the west.” He said Peace and blessings be upon him, “That is when Imaan will not benefit anyone (who brings faith after seeing the sign).” (An-Nihaya)
Some resources on the major signs of the last day can be found below: